|Číslo publikace||US2523062 A|
|Datum publikování||19. září 1950|
|Datum podání||10. červen 1946|
|Datum priority||10. červen 1946|
|Číslo publikace||US 2523062 A, US 2523062A, US-A-2523062, US2523062 A, US2523062A|
|Vynálezci||Rogers Quentin W|
|Původní nabyvatel||Lynn A Robinson|
|Exportovat citaci||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Citované patenty (4), Citováno v patentech (9), Klasifikace (5)|
|Externí odkazy: Databáze patentů USPTO, Databáze postoupených patentů USPTO, Espacenet|
Sept. 19, 1950 w, ROGERS 2,523,062
HAIR CURLER Filed June 10, 1946 MIME/V702 QUENTIN (4/. Po 65/25 4T TOENE Y6 Patented Sept. 19, 1950 HAIR CURLER,
Quentin W. Rogers, Eugene, reg., assignor of one-tenth to Lynn A. Robinson, Seattle, Wash.
Application June 10, 1946, Serial No. 675,685
This invention relates to hair curlers and it has reference more particularly to articles designed to be used by hair dressers or hair stylists for various hair styling operations, but principally V for the making of what are generally known in the art as sculpture curls or"pin curls.
- Explanatory to th jpresent invention, it will here be stated that, ordinarily; sculpture curls or pin curls are made by combing out a Wisp of hair at the place where the curl is desired, then placing a finger against the head and wrapping the wisp of hair about it, and finally pushing the 1 curl from the end of the finger against the head One of the main objections to these methods of making and securing curls to the head during the drying and setting of the hair, is that the pinswhich must necessarily be used to hold thev curl in place are in the way of the hair stylist and make it difiicult to work, especially since such curls, which are the foundation for most hair styles, must be made close together and in large numbers. Furthermore, the hair pins become entangled in the containers, and time is consumed .in picking out the individual pins for securing the curls. Furthermore, it is a tedious and time-consuming operationto remove the great number of hairpins from the curls after the hair is set.
In view of the foregoing, it has been the principal object of the present invention to provide a'hair curler that may be easily and readily applied and which will satisfactorily form sculpture curls. Furthermore, a device that may be readily secured to the hair by means embodied on the of the hair will be at the inside of the curl, and.
which curler has hooks thereon whereby it will be held secureon the head during the drying 0f the curl, due to the turning tendency imparted to the curler by the natural'tendency of the curl to unwind from the curler.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a hair curler that may be easily and readily released from the curl and removed therefrom when the curl is dry.
More specifically stated, the objects of the present invention resid in the provision of a hair curler of the character above stated, comprising a short length of tubing on which a Wisp of hair may be wound for the formation ofa curl, and which tube is equipped at one or both ends, with books adapted to be engaged with the hair for the purpose of holding the curler securely in place while the curl drys and sets thereon, thus eliminating th necessity of using hair pins or' other devices for holding the curls in place; these hooks being so arranged on the tube as to make possible an easy and quick release of the curler for withdrawal from within the curl without disturbing the curl in any way.
Still further objects of this invention reside in the details of construction of the device, in the location and direction of its attaching hooks and in the manner of using the curler as will hereinafter be fully described.
In accomplishing the above mentioned and other objects of the invention, I have provided the improved details of construction, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. 1 is a perspective view'of a hair curler embodied by the-present invention, shown in its present preferred form of construction, but enlarged for better illustration and understanding.
Fig. 2 is a view illustrating the manner of winding the wisps of hair on'the curler and the mode of attachment of the curlers to the head.
Fig. 3 is an upper end view of one of the curlers as applied to the head.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, side view of the end portion of a curler as applied, showing how its hooks engage with hair to hold the curler in place.
Figs. 5, 6, '7 and 8 respectively show flattened strips of material that may be made into tubular curlers of alternative forms, each embodying the principles of thepresent invention there- Referring more in detail to the drawings- The present curler, in the form shown in Figs.
ferential direction of the tube. These hooks are slightly spaced apart, to provide the hair receiving channels or pockets 12 between them, and preferably, but not necessarily, the hooks are pointed and have rounded base surfaces leading up to the point, as at I3, that will engage the head in the application of the curler thereto with a sort of runner effect that prevents the hook ends'gouging into the scalp.
7 It is to be observed by reference to Fig. 1, that hooks I I as above described, are formed on both ends of the tube and that both sets point in the same circumferential direction. This is for a purpose presently explained. 1
While I have shown the walls of the tube l5) in Fig. 1 as being imperforate, it is to be understood that they can advantageously be perforated, slotted or otherwise formed with openings, as are those in Figs. 5 to 8, to facilitate the drying of the curl thereon.
For a better understanding of this form of curler, it will be explained that for the ordinary pin curl or sculpture curl, the tube In would preferably be from three-fourths to one'inch long and about five-eighths of an inch in diameter. However, these dimensions could be varied to suit desires or requirements for any particular treatment of the hair.
Assuming the curler to be'so formed, its use would be as follows:
First, the hair would be dampened and then combed and blocked off to suit the style of hair dress to be given. The blocked off wisps of hair are then wound successively onto the individual curlers, by drawing out the wisps of hair as that illustrated at '29 in Fig. 2, applying its outer end to the side of the "tube, then rolling the tube inwardly, causing the curl to be formed tightly thereabout. When the curler has thus been wound clear up to the scalp, one of its hook equipped ends is placed hath against the head and the curl drawn tight by turning the tube in the winding direction; then, while'applying a slight inward pressure agains'tthe tube that will press the hooks in the hair, the tube is given a slight turn in the direction'toward which the 'hoo'ks'p'oint and this will cause the hooks to engage in the hair as drawn tightly beneath the curler, and this holds the tube securely in place 'on the head.
It is to'be understood that the hair that forms the -'curl on the tube is under tension and this tension results in a tendency to unwind the curl, but due to its being wound tightly about the curler, the same turning tendency will be imparted to the 'tube, and it is this unwinding tendency that keeps the hooks II securely engaged with the hair on the head and holds the curler in place.
After a curler has thus been secured, the curl is pushed down on the tube against the head and allowed to dry and set. Then the curlers may be removed.
To remove a curler, it is only necessary to 'grasp its outer-end and give it a slight'turn opposite to the direction of the hooks, to disengage them from the hair, and then to pull the tube endwise from the curl. After the hair has dried, there is no tendency for'the curl to cling to the curler and it slips freely from the tube. After all curlers have been removed, the hair may be dressedto suit.
It will here be explained, with reference to the provision of hooks on both ends of the curler tubes, that the selection of the end of the tube.
that is to be engaged with the head is determined by the direction in which it is desired that the curl shall be formed. If a curl is to turn in one direction, it is wound in that direction on the tube, and a certain end of the tube is applied to the head. If a reverse curl is desired, then the hair is wound onto the tube in the opposite direction, and the other end of the tube is applied to the head. It is to be understood that the direction of winding of a wisp of hair on the curler tube determines the direction of the curl when combed, and the direction of winding the curl must be opposite to the direction of pointing of the hooks at the end of the tube that is to be applied to the head in order to use the tension in the curl to keep the hooks engaged tightly against the scalp.
Curlers of this kind may be made in various sizes and of various material; for example, the tubes may be of metal, plastic, fiber or any other material of a suitable kind, and the hooks thereon could be of various shapes and sizes, but should not, in any case, lie outside the cylindrical or circumferential dimensions of the tube, for, in such event, they could not be withdrawn from the curl without damaging it.
In Fig. 5, I have shown a flattened out strip 25 of curler tube material. This strip is formed with longitudinal slots 26 in its walls to facilitate curl- :ing, and it has short wire hooks 21 set in its end edges and directed as are the hooks of the device of Fig. 1, to engage the hair for the securement of the curler in place.
In Fig. 6, I have shown another strip of material that may be formed into tubes to provide a curler which comprises a central circumferential band 28 from which longitudinal ribs 29 extend to the opposite end of the tube, providing open spaces'3l between them. At their outer ends, the
. ribs have hooks '32 formed thereon to serve the same purposes of the hooks of the device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 shows a metal strip 35 that may be formed into tubes, and this is equipped with perforations 36 to facilitate drying, and having hooks 3'! at the body ends.
Fig. 8 shows still another strip of material 38 adapted to be formed into tubes similar to that of Fig. 1, and having longitudinal slots 40, and at the ends of the body, hooks '4'! are formed by cutting slots 42 in the tube ends.
An important feature of each of the tubular curlers herein shown, and a feature that is common to all,iis that the end hooks do not project in a radial direction beyond the lines of the cylindrical surface and therefore, after the tube has been turnedto disengage the hooks from the hair, the tube may then be drawn directly out from the curl and the curl left undisturbed.
It is to be understood that the arrangement of such curlers on the head would be dependent upon the style of hair dress desired. Therefore, no attempt has been made herein to give any explanation of arrangement. Also, after the curls have dried and the curlers have been removed, there are many ways in which the hair might be combed out. This, however, is no partof the present invention.
.Thepresent curler provides a quick, easy and satisfactory way of making those curls which are J claim as new therein and desire to secure by Letters Patent is i 1. A hair curler of the character described comprising a body having a cylindrical surface about which a'wis'p of hair, drawn outwardly from the head, may be wound to form it into a curl, and a plurality of hooks on an end of said body, entirely within its side limits, adapted to be pressed into engagement with the hair on the head and to be hooked thereinto by axially turning the body; said hooks having rounded base surfaces that will engage with the head with runner-like effect when pressed thereagainst and axially turned.
2. A hair curler of the character described comprising a cylindrical body about which a wisp of 1 hair, drawnoutwardly from the head, may be wound to formit into a curl thereon, and a plurality of hooks arranged about the circumferentialedge of the body at one end, and within its circumferential limits, and all pointed in the same circumferential direction and adapted to be enthereinto by axially turning the body, in the direction in which the hooks are pointed; said hooks being spaced to provide hair receiving pockets between them, and a restricted entrance into each pocket, and each 'hook having a rounded base surface adapted to engage the head with runner-like action when pressed thereagainst and the body axially turned. I a I V 3. A hair curler of the character described comprising a tubular body about which a wisp of hair 7 6 drawn outwardly from the head may be wound from its outer end inwardly to form it into a curl; said tubular body being formed at its inner end about the circumferential edge of the body, with a plurality of securing hooks, all of which are pointed in the same circumferential direction and all within the circumferential limits of the tube and adapted to be pressed into hooked engagement with the hair on the head to hold the curler gaged with the hair on thehead and to be hooked 1 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number a Name Date 1,123,730 Greenfield Jan. 5,1915 1,652,356 Hammerly Dec. 13, 1927 1,886,887 Keilhamer et a1 Nov. 8, 1932 3 2,388,628 Wormington Nov. 6, 1945
|Citovaný patent||Datum podání||Datum publikování||Přihlašovatel||Název|
|US1123730 *||13. září 1912||5. leden 1915||Edwin J Greenfield||Annular bone-saw.|
|US1652356 *||9. únor 1927||13. prosinec 1927||Biggs Hammerly Susan||Hair waving and curling device|
|US1886887 *||4. listopad 1931||8. listopad 1932||Keilhamer Mary E||Hair curler|
|US2388628 *||30. září 1944||6. listopad 1945||Wormington Mabel L||Hair curler|
|Citující patent||Datum podání||Datum publikování||Přihlašovatel||Název|
|US2788788 *||18. leden 1955||16. duben 1957||Solomon Nathan L||Hair curlers|
|US2801639 *||24. březen 1952||6. srpen 1957||Oscar Barth||Hair-roller|
|US2962031 *||19. březen 1958||29. listopad 1960||Bumgarner Frances V||Apparatus for treating hair|
|US3301265 *||25. červenec 1963||31. leden 1967||Gemma Brenn-Albertoni||Hair-dressing device|
|US4222398 *||5. srpen 1976||16. září 1980||Dennis L. Taelman||Electrically powered hair rolling device|
|US20090255549 *||14. duben 2008||15. říjen 2009||Eldrege Smith||Hair Roller|
|DE940935C *||27. červen 1950||29. březen 1956||Wella Ag||Haarwickler|
|DE967243C *||23. září 1951||24. říjen 1957||Wella Ag||Haarwickler|
|EP0359685A1 *||14. září 1989||21. březen 1990||Michel Delgrande||Hair-dressing accessory for shaping and preserving a pony tail|
|Mezinárodní klasifikace||A45D2/02, A45D2/00|